Ecosystem Services of Homegarden Agroforestry in Jaffna Peninsula
Jeyavanan, K.1*, Sivachandiran, S.1 and Pushpakumara, D.K.N.G.2
1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka
2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Abstract: A study was carried out in Jaffna peninsula in dry zone area of Sri Lanka to assess the ecosystem services of homegarden agroforestry. Participant observation, interview of householders, measuring and collection of biodiversity data, photographing and sketching the structure of homegardens and focus group discussion were approached. In samples of 125 homegardens, a total of 5,920 individuals for flora were assessed from 58 families and 135 species. Mean value of Shannon diversity index (H), Simpson diversity index (D) and evenness (E) for the floristic component were 1.72 ± 0.04 (0.2-2.95), 0.78 ± 0.12 (0.27-1) and 0.81 ± 0.01 (0.12-1.19), respectively, revealed that the homegardens had medium, equally distributed floral diversity in Jaffna homegardens. A total of 825 individuals for domestic fauna were identified from 19 species and 12 families, H, D and E were 0.21 ± 0.03, 0.16 ± 0.03 and 0.22 ± 0.03, respectively, revealed that faunal component had low species diversity and not equally distributed among the homegardens. Mean above ground carbon stock was 40.51 ± 3.67 (235.71-0.33) Mg C ha-1. Provision of fruits was high with mean of 2,996 kg ha-1 and nuts from coconut was 1, 444 nuts ha-1. Mean production of milk from goat and cattle were 0.44 and 1.09 litre day-1 animal-1, respectively. Mean volume of producible trees and poles were high accounted as 36.68 and 2.12 m3 ha-1 homegarden-1, due to high species density. Annual mean production of fodder for livestock was 875.99 ± 395.4 kg ha-1, revealed that about 3.68 % of feed requirement could be met for livestock. There were more than 30 medicinal plants including trees, shrubs and vines used in ethno medicine. Mean value of income, expenditure and food ratio was Rs. 21,976, Rs. 18,802 and 0.56, respectively. Host per pollinator and pollinators per host were high in bees and mango, respectively. Effectiveness of the temperature and shade was medium-cool and medium-high, respectively in inside the homegardens, revealed that tree canopy play a key role to regulate the environment. Effectiveness of different conservation practices on soil, water, nutrient and biodiversity was medium, low-medium, medium and low, respectively.
Keywords: Agroforestry, Ecosystem Services, Homegarden, Jaffna Penisnsula
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